شیمی و آزمایشگاه شیمی http://chemlab.mihanblog.com 2020-07-13T19:20:01+01:00 text/html 2016-02-11T09:54:55+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar رفلاکس چیست؟ http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/94 <span lang="FA" style="color: red; line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;"><font face="Times New Roman"><p><b><span lang="FA" style="color: red; line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;">رفلاکس چیست؟</span></b></p><p><b><span lang="FA" style="color: red; line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;"><br></span></b></p><p style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; direction: rtl;" dir="RTL"><b><span lang="FA" style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;"><font color="#000000">بسیاری از واکنش های </font><a href="chemlab.mihanblog.com"><font color="#0000ff">شیمی</font></a><font color="#000000">ایی برای کامل شدن به زمان بسیار زیادی نیاز دارند و برای سرعت دادن به انجام واکنش معمولاً از گرما استفاده می کنند. ترکیب های آلی معمولاً به دلیل فشار بخار بالا و نفطه ذوب پایین فرار می باشند و زمانی که به مقدار معینی به آن ها گرما داده شود شعله ور شده و منجر به انفجار می گردند. بنابراین روش دادن گرما باید به طریق خاص انجام شود تا حلال زیادی تبخیر نشود و شرایط بهینه باشد</font></span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR"><font color="#000000">.</font></span></b></p><p style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; direction: rtl;" dir="RTL"><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR"></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;"><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/92"><font color="#0000ff">رفلاکس</font></a><font color="#000000"> به معنی گرما دادن به یک واکنش شیمیایی برای زمان مشخص و به طور همزمان سرد کردن بخارهای آزاد شده توسط </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/89"><font color="#0000ff">کندانسور</font></a><font color="#000000"> یا </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/89"><font color="#0000ff">مبرد</font></a><font color="#000000"> و بازگشت آن ها به حالت مایع به ظرف واکنش می باشد</font></span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR"><font color="#000000">. بخا</font></span></b><font color="#000000"><b><span lang="FA" style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;">هایی که در طی حرارت دادن به نمونه تولید می شوند، توسط جریان ورودی آب که از پایین وارد می شود سرد شده و مجدداً به صورت مایع وارد بالن نمونه می شوند و آبی که گرم شده است از سیستم خارج می شود .و بدین ترتیب دمای واکنش ثابت می ماند</span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR">. </span></b></font></p><p><font color="#000000" size="3"> </font><b><span lang="FA" style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;"><font color="#000000">مواد مورد استفاده برای رفلاکس می توانند به صورت جامد در مایع یا هردو به صورت مایع باشند. معمولا در داخل </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/75"><font color="#0000ff">بالن</font></a><font color="#000000"> یک عدد مگنت با پوشش پلاستیکی قرار می دهند تا نمونه هم بخورد و دما در تمام نقاط، یکنواخت باشد. گاهی اوقات بالن حاوی نمونه را به طور مستقیم بر روی شعله قرار نمی دهند و آن را در حمام آب یا روغن سیلیکون به منظور همگن سازی حرارت داده شده قرار می دهند</font></span></b><font color="#000000"><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR">.</span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;"> <span lang="FA">از حمام شن یا ماسه در مواقعی که به دمای زیاد احتیاج است استفاده می شود</span></span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR">.</span></b></font></p><p><font color="#000000" size="3"> </font><b><span lang="FA" style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;"><font color="#000000">در طی بخار شدن حلال در واکنش، بخشی از آن قبل از اینکه به در داخل </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/75"><font color="#0000ff">بالن</font></a><font color="#000000"> برگردد سرد می شود و در بالای این منطقه مبرد خشک می باشد. مرز میان این دو ناحیه، حلقه رفلاکس نامیده می شود. دمای واکنش باید به گونه ای تنظیم شود که حلقه رفلاکس یک سوم از نصف مسیر بالای مبرد باشد</font></span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR"><font color="#000000">. </font></span></b></p><p><font color="#000000" size="3"> </font><font color="#000000"><b><span lang="FA" style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;">حباب های آزاد شده در محلول واکنش نشان دهنده رسیدن محلول به دمای جوش خود می باشد. همان طور که می دانید هنگامی که مایع به نقطه جوش خود برسد دمای آن ثابت باقی می ماند. بنابراین افزایش دمای منبع حرارتی تاثیری در سرعت واکنش ندارد</span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR">.</span></b></font></p><p><font color="#000000" size="3"> </font><font color="#000000"><b><span lang="FA" style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;">رفلاکس در صنایع شیمیایی و پتروشیمی کاربرد های بسیار زیادی دارد. ستون رفلاکس در صنایع، به منظور جداسازی مولکول های سبک با نقطه جوش پایین به کار می رود. بدین منظور سینی هایی در مبرد قرار داده می شود و جداسازی انجام می شود</span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR">.</span></b></font></p><p><font color="#000000" size="3"> </font><font color="#000000"><b><span lang="FA" style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;">مزیت این تکنیک این است که واکنش طی مدت زمان بسیار طولانی می تواند نگه داشته شود، بدون اینکه نیاز به اضافه کردن حلال یا انرژی گرمایی اضافی داشته باشد. علاوه بر این، به علت اینکه هر حلالی در دمای مشخص خود به جوش می آید، ما از ثابت بودن دمای واکنش مطمئن هستیم و با انتخاب دقیق حلال می توانیم بازده و راندمان مناسبی از واکنش به دست بیاوریم. عبارت "حالت پایا" برای واکنش های رفلاکس به کار می رود که به معنای تعادل در وضعیت تبخیر و میعان به طور همزمان می باشد</span></b><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR">.</span></b></font></p></font><p><br></p><p><br></p></span><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><br></font></p><p style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt; text-align: right; line-height: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; direction: rtl;" dir="RTL"><span style="background: black; padding: 0in; border: 1pt black; border-image: none; color: black; line-height: 200%; font-size: 0pt; -ms-layout-grid-mode: line; mso-bidi-language: X-NONE; mso-border-alt: none black 0in; mso-font-width: 0%; mso-fareast-language: X-NONE;" dir="LTR"><font face="Times New Roman">&nbsp;</font></span></p><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> <br></font></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; direction: rtl;" dir="RTL"><b><span style="line-height: 200%; mso-no-proof: yes;" dir="LTR"><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><img width="188" height="306" src="http://file.mihanblog.com//public/user_data/user_files/29/86556/00091_Reflux_01.jpg" border="0" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_5"></font></span></b></p><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> <br></font></p><p align="center" style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; direction: rtl;" dir="RTL"><b><span style="line-height: 200%; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-language: FA;" dir="LTR"><font face="Times New Roman">&nbsp;</font></span></b></p><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> <br></font></p> text/html 2008-03-27T20:33:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar تهیه سیکلوهگزن http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/91 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">تهیه سیکلوهگزن<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">یکی از روشهای تهیه ترکیبات سیر شده آبگیری از الکلها در مجاورت یک اسید معدنی مثل </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-43.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">اسید سولفوریک</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> است. مکانیسم این واکنش در سه مرحله صورت میگیرد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">1- انتقال یک پروتون از اسید به الکل و تشکیل الکل پروتونه<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">2- جدا شدن یک مولکول آب و بوجود آمدن یون کربونیوم<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">3- خروج یک پروتون از یون کربونیوم و تشکیل آلکن<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش کار:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">50 گرم </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-88.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">سیکلوهگزانول</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> را در یک </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-75.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">بالن</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> 250 میلی لیتری دو دهانه که مجهز به یک </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-89.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">مبرد برگشتی</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> و یک ترمومتر است ریخته و 3 میلی لیتر </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-43.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">اسید سولفوریک</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> غلیظ را کم کم و در حال به هم زدن به آن اضافه کنید. آنگاه چند عدد سنگ جوش ریخته و بالن را به مدت نیم ساعت رفلاکس کنید و بگذارید تا محلول خنک شود. (دقت کنید در مدت عمل رفلاکس دما نباید بیش از 90 درجه بشود.)<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Synthesis/reflux.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" align="center"> </p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حال محصول را در یک </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-21.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">قیف جدا کننده</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> ریخته و به آن 12 میلی لیتر محلول اشباع نمک طعام و 10 میلی لیتر محلول کربنات سدیم 10 درصد اضافه میکنیم. (برای خنثی سازی اسید اضافی). محتوی قیف جدا کننده را به شدت به هم بزنید و بعد فاز آبی را دور بریزید و به فاز آلی آب مقطر افزوده خوب به هم بزنید و پس از جدا شدن دو فاز، فاز آبی را دور بریزید و فاز آلی را به یک </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-74.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">بشر</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> خشک منتقل کرده و به آن 2 الی 4 گرم کلرید کلسیم اضافه کنید تا آب اضافی محلول آلی را جذب کند. بعد از حدود 20 دقیقه آنرا صاف کنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حال محلول را </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-8.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">تقطیر ساده</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> کنید و جسمی که در دمای حدود 80 الی 85 جدا میشود </font><a href="http://azshimi.ir/Post-90.aspx"><font face="Times New Roman">سیکلو هگزن</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> میباشد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مکانیسم:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> <img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Synthesis/Cyclohexene%20Synthesis.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0.25in 0pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p> text/html 2008-03-27T20:33:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar سیكلوهگزن http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/90 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سیكلوهگزن<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Cyclohexene</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">هگزاهیدروفنل</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">1,2,3,4-Tetrahydrobenzene<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Material/Cyclohexene.gif" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>10<p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">82.15<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">-104<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">دمای احتراق (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">310<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">0.81<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مایع<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بی رنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">7-8<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 207pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="276"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 177.55pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="237"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مضر و بشدت آتشگیر<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2008-03-27T20:33:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar سردكننده http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/89 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">سردكننده (مبرد) (</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Condenser</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>)<p /></span></b></font></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">وسیله اى است تقریبا شامل دو لوله، كه یك لوله داخلى است و یك لوله خارجى كه این لوله خارجی لوله داخلى را در بر گرفته و بین جدار خارجى لوله داخلى و جدار داخلى لوله خارجى فاصله اى براى عبور مایع سرد كننده (معمولا آب سرد) وجود دارد. <p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">روش كار به این صورت است كه آب سرد از یك طرف لوله خارجى وارد و از طرف دیگر خارج میشود و در این بین مقدارىاز حرارت بخار كه از یك طرف لوله داخلى وارد شده را میگیرد و بخار را سرد میكند و بخار سرد شده به صورت مایع از یكی از دهانه هاى لوله خارجى (بسته به حالت قرار داشتن سرد كننده) بیرون مى‌آید. از این وسیله معمولا در عمل <a href="http://azshimi.ir/Cat/3.aspx">تقطیر</a> استفاده میشود.<p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p> <img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Glassware/condenser1.JPG" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Glassware/condenser2.JPG" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">سرد كننده بسته به نوع كارى كه لازم است انجام شود انواع مختلفى دارد كه در زیر شكل چند نمونه از آن آورده شده است.<p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Glassware/condenser3.JPG" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p> text/html 2008-03-27T20:33:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar سیكلوهگزانول http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/88 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سیكلوهگزانول<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Cyclohexanol</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">هگزاهیدروفنل</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Hexahydrophenol<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Material/Cyclohexanol.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>12</sub>O<sub><p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">100.16<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">25<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">دمای احتراق (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">300<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">0.94<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مایع<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بی رنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مضر و سوزش آور<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2008-02-21T21:32:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com مینائی فر سنتز بنزوپیناکول (یک واکنش فتوشیمیایی) http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/87 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سنتز بنزوپیناکول (یک واکنش فتوشیمیایی)<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">واکنشهای فتوشیمیائی مربوط به مولکولهایی است که با انرژی زیادی برانگیخته میشوند و روشهای سنتزی دیگر برای آنها مشکل است. از انواع واکنشهای فتوشیمیایی میتوان دیمر شدن، فتوایزومریزه شدن، اکسایش و کاهش را نام برد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">احیاء فتوشیمیایی </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-84.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">بنزوفنون</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> یکی از قدیمی ترین واکنشهای شناخته شده میباشد. بدین صورت که در حضور یک حلال پروتون دهنده مثل </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-85.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">2-پروپانل</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> و نور ماوراء بنفش (</font></span></b><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">hν</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>)، یک محصول دیمر نامحلول به نام <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-86.ASPX">بنزوپیناکول</a> تشکیل میدهد.<p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><span lang="AR-SA"><p /></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span lang="FA" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Synthesis/Benzopinacol%20Synthesis%2001.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /> </font></p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">روش کار</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">در یک لوله آزمایش خشک به ابعاد 150 * 18 میلی متری 1 گرم </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-84.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">بنزوفنون</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> ریخته و آنرا با حدود 8 میلی لیتر </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-85.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">ایزوپروپانل</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> در حرارت ملایم حل کنید. سپس یک قطره </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-47.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استیک اسید گلاسیال</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> اضافه کرده و تا سر لوله را با </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-85.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">ایزوپروپانول</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> پر کنید. درب لوله را با یک چوب پنبه ببندید بطوریکه هوای داخل آن به طور کامل خارج شود. چوب پنبه را با یک نوار پلاستیکی به طور کامل ببندید (نباید هوا داخل لوله باشد زیرا اکسیژن هوا با رادیکالها واکنش داده و واکنش اصلی را متوقف میکند).<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">لوله را در یک بشر کوچک پشت پنجره آزمایشگاه در معرض نور خورشید قرار دهید. پس از یک هفته واکنش کامل شده و بلورهای زیادی تشکیل میشود. بلورهای تشکیل شده را صاف کنید و پس از خشک کردن نقطه ذوب آنرا تعیین نمایید. راندمان واکنش در شرایط مناسب حد اقل 90% است.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">مکانیسم</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Synthesis/Benzopinacol%20Synthesis%2002.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p> text/html 2008-02-21T21:32:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com مینائی فر بنزوپیناکول http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/86 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بنزوپیناکول<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Benzopinacol</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">تترافنیل-1و2-اتان دی اُل</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Tetraphenyl -1,2-</span></b> <b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">ethanediol <p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Material/Benzopinacol.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<sub>26</sub>H<sub>22</sub>O<sub>2<p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">366.46<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">تجزیه حرارتی</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">&gt;187<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بلور<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سفید<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2008-02-21T21:32:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com مینائی فر 2-پروپانل http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/85 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">2-پروپانل<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">2-</font></span></b><font face="Times New Roman"><span dir="ltr">&nbsp;</span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Propanol<p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">ایزوپروپانل</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">iso-</span></b> <b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Propanol <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ایزوپروپیل الکل<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">iso-</span></b> <b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Propyl </span></b><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">alcohol<p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Material/2-Propanol.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">CH<sub>3</sub>CH[OH]CH<sub>3<p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">60.1<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">-89.5<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه احتراق</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">425<span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><p /></span></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">0.786<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مایع<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بدون رنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">7<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سوزش آور، بشدت آتشگیر<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2008-02-21T21:32:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com مینائی فر بنزوفنون http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/84 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بنزوفنون<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Benzophenone</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">دی فنیل کتون</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Diphenyl ketone <p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Material/Benzophenone.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>COC<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5<p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">182.22<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">47-49<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">تجزیه گرمایی</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">&gt;320<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">1.1<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بلور<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بدون رنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">خطرناک برای محیط<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2008-02-21T21:32:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com مینائی فر سنتز استانیلید از آنیلین http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/83 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سنتز استانیلید از آنیلین<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استیل دار کردن </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-80.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">آنیلین</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> با استفاده از </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-67.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استیک انیدرید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> در محیط اسیدی به سادگی و با راندمان نسبتا خوبی امکانپذیر است. عامل استیله کننده در این آزمایش استیک انیدرید میباشد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Synthesis/Acetanilide%20Synthesis.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش کار<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">10 سی سی </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-80.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">آنیلین</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> را به یک بشر حاوی محلولی از 9 سی سی </font></span></b><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">HCl</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> غلیظ در 250 میلی لیتر آب اضافه کنید. مخلوط را کاملا به هم بزنید تا آنیلین حل شود. در صورتی که محلول رنگی بود حدود 2 گرم کربن فعال به آن اضافه کنید و 2 دقیقه بجوشانید و صاف کنید تا محلول شفاف بدست آید. <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">محلولی از 17 گرم </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-81.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">سدیم استات</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> در 50 سی سی آب تهیه کنید. <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">به محلول آنیلین در اسید کلریدریک (محلول اول) 13 سی سی </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-67.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استیک انیدرید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> اضافه کرده و به هم بزنید تا محلول همگن به دست آید. محلول حاصل را بلافاصله به بشر حاوی حاوی محلول سدیم استات اضافه کنید. بشر را در حمام یخ گذاشته و بشدت به هم بزنید تا کریستالهای بیرنگ </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-82.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استانیلید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> جدا شوند. کریستالها را صاف کرده و با آب سرد بشویید و آنها را خشک کنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">در صورتی که استانیلید رنگی باشد نشانه ناخالصی است. برای خالص سازی، آنرا در حد اقل آب داغ </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-17.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">تبلور مجدد</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> نمائید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">راندمان و نقطه ذوب را تعیین کنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p> text/html 2008-02-21T21:32:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com مینائی فر استانیلید http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/82 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استانیلید<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Acetanilide</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">N</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>- فنیل استامید</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">N-Phenylacetamide<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Material/Acetanilide.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">CH<sub>3</sub>CONHC<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5<p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">135.17<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">115<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه احتراق</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">540<span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><p /></span></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">1.22<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">جامد<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بدون رنگ مایل به سفید<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مضر<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2008-02-21T21:32:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com مینائی فر سدیم استات http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/81 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سدیم استات<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Sodium acetate</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نمک سدیم استیک اسید</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Acetic acid sodium salt<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">CH<sub>3</sub>COONa<sub><p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">82.03<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">324<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه احتراق</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">607<span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><p /></span></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">1.52<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">پودر<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بدون رنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">7.5-9<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2008-02-21T21:32:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com مینائی فر آنیلین http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/80 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">آنیلین<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Aniline<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">آمینوبنزن</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Aminobenzene <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">فنیل آمین<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Phenylamine<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Material/Aniline.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>7</sub>N<sub><p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">93.123<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">-6.2<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه احتراق</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">~190<span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><p /></span></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">1.03<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مایع<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بدون رنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">~8.8<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سمی، خطرناک برای محیط<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2008-01-25T07:31:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar علائم در آزمایشگاه شیمی http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/79 <p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">علائم در آزمایشگاه شیمی </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: .5pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: .5pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 20pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">علامت<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 20pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">معنی انگلیسی<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 20pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">معنی فارسی<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 19.95pt; mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; HEIGHT: 19.95pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Symbols/image001.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; HEIGHT: 19.95pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">HAZARD</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; HEIGHT: 19.95pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مضر، خطرناك<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Symbols/image002.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">FLAMMABLE SOLID<span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><p /></span></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">جامد آتشگیر<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Symbols/image003.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">DANGEROUS<span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"><span dir="rtl"></span> </span>WHEN<span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"><span dir="rtl"></span> </span>WET<span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><p /></span></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">خطرناك موقع مرطوب شدن<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Symbols/image004.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">FLAMMABLE GAS or FLAMMABLE LIQUID<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" dir="rtl" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">مایع یا گاز آتشگیر</span></b><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Symbols/image005.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">POISON<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سمی<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Symbols/image006.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">CORROSIVE</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">خورنده<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Symbols/image007.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">BIOHAZARD<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">خطر بیوشیمیایی<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 1pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 96.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="128"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Symbols/image008.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 116.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="155"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">RADIOACTIVE<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="180"><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رادیو اكتیو (پرتوزا)<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p> text/html 2008-01-25T07:31:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar تهیه آب اکسیژنه (H2O2) http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/78 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">تهیه آب اکسیژنه (</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub></span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>) </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff9900; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش 1) <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">مواد لازم:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-77.ASPX">باریم پراکسید</a>، <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-43.ASPX">سولفوریک اسید</a> 20%، باریم کربنات، یخ <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">روش کار:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> درون یک <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-60.ASPX">ارلن</a> کوچک 25 میلی لیتر سولفوریک اسید 20% ریخته و پس از سرد کردن (ارلن را درون آب یخ قرار دهید) به تدریج 5 گرم </span></b><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-77.ASPX"><span dir="ltr">BaO<sub>2</sub></span></a><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span> <span lang="FA">به آن اضافه کنید (ارلن همچنان درون آب یخ باشد) در این حالت باریم سولفات ته نشین میشود. سپس به آن حدود یک گرم </span></span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">BaCO<sub>3</sub></span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> <span lang="FA">جامد اضافه نموده، رسوب را صاف کنید. محلول زیر صافی آب اکسیژنه میباشد. <p /></span></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 1.5pt 0in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">  <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش 2) <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">مواد لازم:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> باریم پراکسید، سولفوریک اسید <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">روش کار:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> 30 گرم <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-74.ASPX">باریم پراکسید</a> را در یک بشر با کمی آب به صورت خمیر در آورید. در یک ارلن 60 میلی لیتر <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-43.ASPX">سولفوریک اسید</a> 4 نرمال بریزید و آنرا در یک تشت آب – یخ قرار دهید تا کاملا سرد شود. سپس به تدریج خمیر باریم پر اکسید را به آن اضافه کنید و بهم بزنید. پس از تمام شدن باریم پر اکسید رسوب را صاف کنید. محلول زیر صافی آب اکسیژنه است. <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 1.5pt 0in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">  <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش 3) <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">مواد لازم:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> باریم پراکسید، کپسول گاز </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">CO<sub>2 </sub></span></b><b><sub><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></sub></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">روش کار:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> 10 گرم <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-77.ASPX">باریم پراسید</a> را داخل <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-60.ASPX">ارلن</a> در آب یخ به صورت معلق در آورید و به آن مقدار کافی گاز کربن دی اکسید وارد کنید. رسوب را با صاف کردن از آب اکسیژنه جدا کنید. <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 1.5pt 0in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">  </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش 4) <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">مواد لازم:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> فسفریک اسید، سدیم پراکسید <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">روش کار:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> در یک لوله آزمایش مقدار 10 میلی لیتر فسفریک اسید بریزید و آنرا در ظرف آب یخ نگهدارید. پس از سرد شدن به آن مقدار کمی سدیم پراکسید اضافه کنید. <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 1.5pt 0in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 1.5pt 0in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Synthesis/H2O2.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش 5) <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">مواد لازم:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> سدیم دی هیدروژن ارتو فسفات، سدیم<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>پراکسید، سدیم هیدروکسید، فسفریک اسید، یخ</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><sub><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></sub></b><b><sub><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></sub></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">روش کار:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"> محلولی از 5 گرم سود در 40 میلی لیتر آب مقطر تهیه کنید. به محلول فوق 8 میلی لیتر ارتو فسفریک اسید اضافه کنید. مخلوط را پس از به هم زدن در آب یخ سرد نمائید. این واکنش منجر به سدیم دی هیدروژن فسفات میشود. <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">2/2 گرم سدیم پر اکسید پودر شده را به محلول سیر شده سدیم دی هیدروژن ارتو فسفات به تدریج ضمن سرد کردن و به هم زدن به وسیله یک میله شیشه ای، اضافه نمایید. (چنانچه درجه حرارت محیط زیاد پایین باشد بلورهای دی سدیم هیدروژن ارتو فسفات 12 آبه با قدری یخ متبلور میشود.) </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">درجه حرارت محیط را به (1-) درجه سانتیگراد زیر صفر برسانید و رسوب تولید شده را صاف کنید. محلول زیر صافی آب اکسیژنه است. <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 1.5pt 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/purification/Filtering.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /> </font></p></span></b></p><p /> text/html 2008-01-25T06:31:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar باریم پراكسید http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/77 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">باریم پراكسید بی آب<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Barium </span></b><span dir="ltr"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">peroxide</span></b><span dir="ltr">&nbsp;</span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">anhydrous<p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">باریم دی اكسید</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Barium </span></b><span dir="ltr"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">dioxide</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">BaO<sub>2<p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">169.34<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">450<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">تجزیه گرمایی</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">&gt;450<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">جامد<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سفید مایل به زرد<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">12(10g/L<sub>H2O</sub>)<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مضر<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2007-12-25T02:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar تهیه صابون http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/76 <p class="1" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">تهیه صابون </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">عمل هیدرولیز چربی یا روغن را اصطلاحا صابونی کردن مینامند. برای این کار، چربی (</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">a</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>) را با محلول سود حرارت میدهند. در نتیجه گلیسرین (</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">b</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>) و مخلوطی از نمک سدیم اسیدهای چرب (</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">c</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>) مطابق واکنش زیر حاصل میشود: <p /></span></b></font></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></span></b><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><p /></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Synthesis/soap01.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /> <p /></font></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span style="mso-tab-count: 1">          </span>چربیها و روغنهای طبیعی استر اسیدهای آلیفاتیک یک ظرفیتی با تعداد اتمهای کربن زوج و گلیسرین میباشند که آنها را گلیسرید نیز مینامند. چربیها و روغنها به طور کلی دارای ساختمان (</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">a</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>) میباشند. چربیها جامد و روغنها مایع میباشند. نقطه ذوب چربیها بالاتر از نقطه ذوب روغنها است. این اختلاف بستگی به نوع و مقدار اسید مربوطه دارد. هرچه مقدار اسیدهای اشباع نشده در ساختمان یک چربی بیشتر باشد، نقطه ذوب پایین تری دارد. اگر چربی تنها از اسیدهای اشباع شده تشکیل شده باشد مانند پیه گوسفند و غیره نقطه ذوب بالا خواهد داشت. </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روغنهای نباتی مانند روغن زیتون، خرما، نارگیل و کرچک علاوه بر این که دارای اسیدهای چرب (اولئیک، استئاریک و پالمیتیک) هستند، اسیدهای اشباع نشده با چند پیوند دوگانه مانند اسید لینولئیک به فرمول زیر نیز در ساختمان آنها شرکت میکنند. <p /></font></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></span></b><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><p /></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman"> <img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Synthesis/soap02.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></font><p /></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 1.5pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">مولكولهای صابون د ارای یك انتهای قطبی است كه در آب حل می شود و انتهای دیگر آن یك دنباله طویل هیدروكربن است كه در روغن محلول است واین عامل باعث میشود تا مثل یك واسطه چربیها را در آب حل كند.</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="AR-SA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 1.5pt 0in; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"></span></b><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><p /></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Synthesis/soap03.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">مکانیزم عمل هیدرولیز استر را در محیط بازی میتوان به صورت زیر نوشت: </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><font face="Times New Roman"> <img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Synthesis/soap04.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></font></span></b><b><span dir="ltr"></span></b><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><p /></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">ابتدا یون هیدروکسید به عنوان نوکلئوفیل (هسته دوست) به کربن گروه کربنیل حمله کرده، پس از خارج شدن یک مولکول الکل، انیون اسید به صورت هیبرید رزونانس فوق، پایدار میگردد. </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="2" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><a name="_Toc132506775"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بخش عملی</font></span></b></a><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="25" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><a name="_Toc132506776"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">تهیه صابون</font></span></b></a><span style="mso-bookmark: _Toc132506776"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 8.5pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 37.55pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">50 گرم چربی را در یک بشر 250 میلی لیتری ریخته و به طور ملایم آنرا حرارت دهید تا ذوب شود (دما نباید از 70 درجه بالاتر برود). <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 37.55pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">در حالیکه چربی را حرارت میدهید ضمن به همزدن مداوم محلول سود (7گرم در 50 میلی لیتر آب) را در قسمتهای 5 میلی لیتر به چربی اضافه کنید. پس از افزودن اولین 5 میلی لیتر سود، زمان اضافه نمودن 5 میلی لیتر بعدی وقتی است که سود اضافه شده قبلی تقریبا مصرف شده باشد. (برای اطمینان از مصرف سود، نوک </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-73.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">اسپاتول</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> را در </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-74.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">بشر</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> فرو برده و یک قطره معرف فنل فتالئین روی آن بچکانید، چنانچه رنگ آن فورا ارغوانی شد دلیل آن است که هنوز سود در محیط وجود دارد و باید به هم زدن را ادامه داد). <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 37.55pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">پس از افزودن آخرین قسمت سود، آنقدر به هم بزنید تا صابون یک حالت کشدار به خود بگیرد (بوی صابون در این حالت به خوبی استشمام میشود.) صابون حاصل را در قالب ریخته و بگذارید یک هفته بماند تا عمل صابونی شدن کامل شود. صابون حاصل دارای مقدار زیادی گلیسیرین است، چنانچه بخواهند گلیسیرین آنرا جدا کنند، قبل از ریختن در قالب، صابون را به مدت 24 ساعت در محلول اشباع شده نمک طعام قرار میدهند، سپس قرص صابون را از درون ظرف خارج کرده و پس از شستن به قطعات کوچک تقسیم نموده، در هوا خشک میکنند. <p /></font></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="1" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><a name="_Toc132506777"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش دیگر تهیه صابون</font></span></b></a><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 37.55pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">در یک </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-75.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">بالن</font></a><font face="Times New Roman">، </font></span></b><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">cc</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>50 روغن مایع را با </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">cc</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>40 <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-15.ASPX">اتانول</a> و </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">gr</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>3 پتاسیم هیدروکسید ریخته و بمدت نیم ساعت رفلاکس کنید. پس از اتمام این مدت چند قطره از مخلوط را در مقدار کمی آب حل کنید که اگر قطره روغنی روی آب قرار نگرفت واکنش پایان یافته و اگر روغن در سطح آب مشاهده شد عمل رفلاکس را به مدت 15 دقیقه دیگر ادامه دهید. سپس الکل موجود در مخلوط را به وسیله <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-8.ASPX">تقطیر ساده</a> جدا کنید و ماده باقیمانده در بالن را در </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">cc</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> 75 آب مقطر گرم حل کنید. دقت کنید که حتما الکل موجود در بالن از مخلوط خارج شود سپس آزمایش زیر را انجام دهید. <p /></span></b></font></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 37.55pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">الف) مقدار 25 میلی لیتر محلول به دست آمده را به 25 میلی لیتر آب نمک اشباع به آهستگی اضافه کنید مخلوط را صاف کرده و ماده جامد که صابون میباشد روی کاغذ صافی میماند. آنرا با آب نمک اشباع بشوئید و صابون را در روی یک ظرف شیشه ای پهن کنید. <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="6" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; TEXT-INDENT: 37.55pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ب) مقدار 10 میلی لیتر آب شهر را با 10 میلی لیتر محلول صابون مخلوط کرده تکان دهید و نتیجه را گزارش کنید. <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font></p></span></b></p> text/html 2007-12-25T01:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar بالن ته گرد (Round bottom flask) http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/75 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">بالن ته گرد (</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Round bottom flask</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>)<p /></span></b></font></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">در حقیقت یك نوع ارلن با ته گرد است و معمولا برای <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Cat/3.aspx">تقطیر</a> مورد استفاده قرار میگیرد.<p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Glassware/Round%20bottom%20flask001.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Glassware/Round%20bottom%20flask002.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p> text/html 2007-12-25T01:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar بشر (Becker) http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/74 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">بشر (</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Becker</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>)<p /></span></b></font></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">ظرف شیشه ای استوانه ای دهان گشاد است كه معمولا به منظور مخلوط كردن و تهیه مواد لازم برای آزمایش مورد استفاده قرار میگیرد. به علت دقت كم در اندازه گیری و نیز دهانه گشاد، از آن به هیچ وجه برای حجم سنجی یا نگهداری مواد استفاده نمیشود.<p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Glassware/Becker01.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.ir/Glassware/Becker02.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p> text/html 2007-12-25T01:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar اسپاتول (كاردك) http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/73 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">اسپاتول (كاردك)</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">وسیله ای است معمولا فلزی به شكل زیر و اشكال مشابه زیر كه برای برداشتن و انتقال مقادیر ماده جامد به كار میرود.<p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Glassware/spatula.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p> text/html 2007-12-17T05:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar كمكهای اولیه http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/72 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">كمكهای اولیه<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">با وجود احتیاطهای لازم ممكن است در موقع كار در آزمایشگاه دست یا قسمتی از پوست بدن در اثر تماس با مواد شیمیایی سوخته و یا صدمه ببینند. در این صورت از دستورات زیر استفاده كنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سوختگی حاصل از اسیدها:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">بلافاصله قسمت آسیب دیده را با آب زیاد بشویید و سپس با محلول سدیم بی‌كربنات رقیق (5%) شستشو داده و بعد محل سوختگی را با كمی پارافین یا پماد </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">mgo</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> در گلیسرین، چرب كنید.<p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سوختگی حاصل از قلیاها:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">شستشو با مقدار زیادی آب و بعد شستشو با محلول (5%) آمونیم كلرید یا محلول اشباع شده بوریك اسید و یا محلول (2%) </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-47.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">اسید استیك</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> و مجددا شستشو با آب.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سوختگی با فسفر:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">محل سوختگی را باید با محلول (1%) </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-62.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">سولفات مس</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> و یا محلول (1%) </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-51.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">نیترات نقره</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> شستشو داد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سوختگی با برم:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">با مقدار زیادی آب بشویید و سپس با گلسیرین چرب كرده و اگر ناراحتی ادامه داشت پس از مدت كمی گلسیرین را با آب گرم از روی قسمت آسیب دیده پاك نموده و از پماد مخصوص سوختگی استفاده كنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سوختگی بر اثر شعله یا تماس با جسم داغ و یا الكتریسیته:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">اگر سوختگی از نوع اول (پوست سرخ و كمی متورم شده) باشد، پماد ضد سوختگی به كار میبریم. اگر از نوع دوم (تولید تاول در اثر سوختگی) یا نوع سوم (آسیب دیدگی قسمتهای عمقی پوست) باشد محل آسیب دیده را فورا با محلول 1% سدیم بی‌كربنات شستشو داده و از پماد سوختگی استفاده میكنیم.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بریدگی:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بریدگیهایی كه در آزمایشگاه اتفاق می افتد بیشتر در نتیجه شكستن ناگهانی ظروف شیشه ای و تماس شی شكسته با دست میباشد. اگر بریدگی خفیف باشد، بهتر است بگذاریم برای چند ثانیه مقداری خون از بریدگی خارج شود و پس از اطمینان از اینكه ذرات شیشه در زخم نمانده از پودر پنیسیلین استفاده میكنیم و آنرا با یك باند یا گاز تمیز میبندیم. اگر بریدگی شدیدتر باشد پس از ضد عفونی كردن محل آسیب دیده به یكی از طرق فوق باند تمیز روی آن قرار داده و با تنسوپلاست روی بریدگی را میبندیم.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">آتش سوزی مواد شیمیایی:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">باید به سرعت مواد منفجره و سایر مواد سوختنی نظیر الكل و اتر را از مجاورت آتش دور نموده و سویچهای چراغ گاز و دستگاههای الكتریكی را قطع نمود. برای خاموش كردن آتش بهتر است از سیلندرهای </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">Solidcarbon Dioxide</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> استفاده كرد.<p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مخلوط شن و سدیم بیكربنات نیز برای خاموش كردن آتش مفید است.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مسمومیت با گازها:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">دستورات مقدماتی و عمومی<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استنشاق گازهای سمی در آزمایشگاه باعث تحریك بینی و گلو و یا سرفه و سردرد میشود و این گونه مواد در آزمایشگاه زیاد است. گاهی آثار مسمومیت با بعضی گازها پس از چند ساعت آشكار میشود، در اینگونه باید قواعد كلی زیر را رعایت كرد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">الف) مسموم را به هوای آزاد انتقال داده و دكمه های لباس را در ناحیه سینه و گردن باز كنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ب) غرغره كردن محلول سدیم بیكربنات رقیق، بوییدن تنطور اكالیپتوس و نعناع و آشامیدن چای یا شیر و یا جوشانده دارچین با آب، از كمكهای اولیه موثر میباشد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">دستورات اختصاصی برای مسمومیت با گازها<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">الف) <span style="COLOR: purple">گاز آمونیاك</span><p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استنشاق بخار </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-47.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استیك اسید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> رقیق و بعد مانند دستور سوختگی با قلیاها عمل شود.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ب) <span style="COLOR: purple">گازهای برم، كلر، فلوریدریك و كلریدریك</span><p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استنشاق بخار محلول رقیق </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-53.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">آمونیاك</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> و بعد شستشو با آب و محلول 1% سدیم بیكربنات<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ج) <span style="COLOR: purple">بخارهای اسید نیتریك و اكسیدهای ازت</span><p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استنشاق بخار محلول رقیق آمونیاك <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">د) <span style="COLOR: purple">گاز هیدروژن سولفاید</span><p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">شستشوی بینی و چشم با آب<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ورود مواد به چشم<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ورود مواد قلیایی به چشم<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">به وسیله چشم شوی حاوی آب، چشم را بشویید و در صورت احساس ناراحتی چند مرتبه و هر مرتبه 2 قطره روغن كرچك یا پارافین در چشم بریزید. در صورت لزوم میتوان با محلول 1% بوریك اسید چشم را بشویید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ورود مواد اسیدی به چشم<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>در مورد اسیدها پس از شستشوی چشم با آب، چشم را با محلول 1% سدیم بیكربنات بشویید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مسمومیت در اثر ورود مواد سمی به دهان<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">الف) اسیدها و بازها فقط داخل دهان شده باشند<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">به سرعت ماده را بیرون ریخته و با مقدار زیادی آب، دهان را میشوییم و بعد در مورد اسیدها از آب آهك و در مورد بازها از آب لیمو و یا </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-47.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استیك اسید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> 5% برای شستن دهان استفاده میشود.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ب) مواد سمی فرو برده شده<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: #993366; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">1- اسیدها<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">آشامیدن مقدار زیادی آب و پس از آن خوراندن آب آهك و یا مخلوط </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">MgO</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> با آب یا شیر، به هیچ وجه از داروهای تهوع آور یا محلول بیكربنات سدیم استفاده نشود.<p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: #993366; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">2- بازها<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">آشامیدن مقدار زیادی آب و سپس سركه و یا آب لیمو و یا آب نارنج، به هیچ وجه از داروهای تهوع آور استفاده نشود.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: #993366; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">3- نمكهای آرسنیك یا جیوه<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">خوردن یك داروی تهوع آور و بعد شیر یا سفیده تخم مرغ در آب سرد و روغن كرچك<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: #993366; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">4- </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: #993366; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">HF</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: #993366; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">به مریض مقدار زیادی شیر بدهید چون كلسیم موجود در شیر بهترین درمان است. استفاده از آب آهك نیز مفید است.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p> text/html 2007-12-16T05:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar سنتز استیل سالیسیلیک اسید (آسپرین) http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/71 <p class="normalarial" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">سنتز استیل سالیسیلیک اسید (آسپرین) </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">بوسیله استیله کردن عامل </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">OH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> در <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-66.ASPX">سالیسیلیک اسید</a> براحتی میتوان آسپرین تهیه کرد. این کار به روشهای متفاوتی امکان پذیر است. یکی از این روشها استفاده از <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-67.ASPX">استیک انیدرید</a> در محیط اسیدی میباشد که با توجه به نقش کاتالیستی اسید معمولا در حضور <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-47.ASPX">استیک اسید</a> یا <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-43.ASPX">سولفوریک اسید</a> انجام میشود.</span><span lang="AR-SA" style="COLOR: black"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"> روش مورد بحث دیگر استفاده از </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-68.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استیل کلرید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> در حضور </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-69.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">پیریدین</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> میباشد.</font></span><span lang="AR-SA" style="COLOR: black"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%">بخش عملی</span><span lang="AR-SA" style="COLOR: red"><p /></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">الف) سنتز آسپرین با استفاده از استیک انیدرید:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="COLOR: #ff6600"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Synthesis/Acetyl%20Salicylic%20acid%2001.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%"><font face="Times New Roman">در یک </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-60.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">ارلن</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> 250 میلی لیتری 6 گرم </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-66.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">سالیسیلیک اسید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> را با 9 میلی لیتر </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-67.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استیک انیدرید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> مخلوط کنید و 4-3 قطره </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-43.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">سولفوریک اسید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> غلیظ به آن اضافه کنید. مخلوط واکنش را ضمن هم زدن در یک حمام </font></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">آب به مدت 15 دقیقه در دمای 60 درجه سانتیگراد حرارت دهید. آن را سرد کرده و در یک بشر حاوی 100 میلی لیتر آب سرد همراه با هم زدن بریزید. رسوب را با کمک </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-70.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">قیف بوخنر</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> صاف کرده و با آب سرد بشویید. پس از خشک کردن راندمان و نقطه ذوب را تعیین کنید.</font></span><span lang="AR-SA" style="COLOR: black"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">برای خالص سازی کامل میتوان بر روی محصول در حلال بنزن </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-17.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">تبلور مجدد</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> انجام داد. برای این کار، آب حلال مناسبی نمیباشد. پس از تبلور مجدد راندمان و نقطه ذوب را محاسبه نموده و با مرحله قبل مقایسه کنید.</font></span><span lang="AR-SA" style="COLOR: black"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">ب) سنتز آسپرین با استفاده از استیل کلراید:</span><span lang="AR-SA" style="COLOR: #ff6600"><p /></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="COLOR: black"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Synthesis/Acetyl%20Salicylic%20acid%2002.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">در یک </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-60.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">ارلن</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> 250 میلی لیتری 6 گرم </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-66.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">سالیسیلیک اسید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> را در 5 میلی لیتر </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-69.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">پیریدین</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> حل کنید. ارلن را در حمام یخ بگذارید و 5 میلی لیتر </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-68.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">استیل کلرید</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> را از داخل یک </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-21.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">قیف جدا کننده</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> قطره قطره و همراه با بهم زدن شدید به محلول داخل ارلن اضافه کنید. پس از اتمام افزایش، مخلوط واکنش را در یک حمام آب به مدت 5 دقیقه گرم کنید و سپس سرد نمائید. هنگام سرد کردن یک جسم نیمه جامدی تشکیل میگردد که حدود 60 میلی لیتر آب سرد و چند تکه یخ به آن اضافه کنید و مخلوط را به هم بزنید. کریستالها را با </font><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-70.ASPX"><font face="Times New Roman">قیف بوخنر</font></a><font face="Times New Roman"> صاف کرده و با آب سرد بشویید و سپس خشک کنید. نقطه ذوب و راندمان را محاسبه کرده و بروش قبلی خالص کنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 8.5pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 8.5pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><font face="Times New Roman"> <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right"><b><span lang="FA" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font></p></span></b></p> text/html 2007-12-16T05:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar قیف بوخنر و ارلن خلاء http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/70 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">قیف بوخنر و ارلن خلاء <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Buchner Funnel &amp; Filter Flask<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">قیف بوخنر<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>قیفی است که داخل آن دارای یک سطح با تعداد زیادی سوراخ کوچک میباشدو از جنس چینی یا شیشه و یا پلی پروپیلن ساخته شده است و برای صاف کردن سریع و همچنین خشک کردن سریع همراه با یک صافی کاغذی و ارلن خلاء به کار میرود.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Glassware/Buchner%20Funnel.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">ارلن خلاء <p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">یک نوع ارلن است که دارای یک لوله در کنار و نزدیک به نوک آن میباشد که برای خروج هوا (به کمک پمپ مکنده) به کار میرود.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"><a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Glassware/Filter%20Flask.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /></a> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">روش کار با قیف بوخنر و ارلن خلاء<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">دستگاهی مشابه زیر سوار کنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Glassware/Buchner%20Funnel%20%26%20Filter%20Flask.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></a></font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">دنباله یک قیف بوخنر (1) را داخل یک چوب پنبه سورخ دار (4) کنید و چوب پنبه را داخل دهانه ارلن (1) نمایید به طوری که از کنار چوب پنبه و دیواره ارلن و یا دیواره دنباله قیف بوخنر و چوب پنبه هیچ گونه هوایی عبور نکند. پس از آن یک شیلنگ را که از یک سر به پمپ مکنده هوا وصل است به خروجی ارلن خلا وصل نمایید (3). سپس یک کاغذ صافی را که کاملا به اندازه کفی دهانه قیف بوخنر بریده اید و توسط ترازوی آزمایشگاه وزن نموده اید داخل قیف نمایید به طوری که به راحتی کف آن قرار گیرد و نه آنقدر بزرگتر از دهانه باشد که لبه های کاغذ از کنار دیواره قیف بالا بایستد و نه آنقدر کوچک باشد که نتواند کف قیف را به گونه ای بپوشاند که تمام سوراخها در زیر کاغذ صافی قرار گیرد. حال اندکی از حلال مناسب (یا مقدار بسیار کمی از محلول شامل رسوب که میخوایید صاف نمایید را روی صافی بریزید تا کاملا به کف قیف بچسبد) و هم اکنون پمپ را روشن کنید و محلول شامل رسوب را به کمک یک همزن شیشه ای به گونه ای داخل قیف بریزید که در یک نقطه در وسط صافی جمع شود. بعد از آن که تمام محلول از زیر قیف خارج شد، میتوانید تپه کوچکی که از رسوبات حاصل شده را با مقدار بسیار کمی از حلال مناسب (که رسوب را تا حد ممکن حل نکند و برعکس ناخالصی ها را حل نماید) بشویید و حال میتواند بسته به میزان لزوم صبر کنید تا بر اثر عبور شدید هوا از داخل رسوبات جمع آوری شده، آن رسوبات به سرعت خشک شود. حال کاغذ صافی را با احتیاط خارج کنید و کاغذ صافی و رسوب روی آنرا وزن کنید و وزن کاغذ صافی خشک که قبلا توزین نموده بودید را از از وزن جدید کم کنید تا وزن رسوب به دست آید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" /> text/html 2007-12-16T05:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar پیریدین http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/69 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">پیریدین<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Pyridine<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Material/Pyridine.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<span dir="rtl"></span><sub><span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><span dir="rtl"></span>5</span></sub>H<span dir="rtl"></span><sub><span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><span dir="rtl"></span>5</span></sub>N<sub><p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">79.10<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">-42<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه احتراق</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">550<span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><p /></span></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">0.98<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مایع<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بیرنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">8.5</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بشدت آتشگیر، مضر<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2007-12-16T05:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar استیل کلرید http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/68 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استیل کلرید<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Acetyl chloride<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">استیک اسید کلرید</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Acetic acid chloride<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Material/Acetyl%20chloride.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<span dir="rtl"></span><sub><span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><span dir="rtl"></span>2</span></sub>H<span dir="rtl"></span><sub><span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><span dir="rtl"></span>3</span></sub>ClO<sub><p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">78.50<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">-112<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه احتراق</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">390<span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><p /></span></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" dir="rtl" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">1.</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span>10<p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مایع<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بدون رنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بشدت آتشگیر، خورنده<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2007-12-16T05:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar استیک انیدرید http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/67 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استیک انیدرید<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Acetic anhydride<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">استیل اکسید</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Acetyl oxide<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Material/Acetic%20anhydride.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<span dir="rtl"></span><sub><span lang="FA" dir="rtl"><span dir="rtl"></span>4</span></sub>H<sub>6</sub>O<sub>3<p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" dir="rtl" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">102.09</span></b><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">-73<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه احتراق</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" dir="rtl" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" dir="rtl" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">1.08</span></b><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مایع<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بدون رنگ<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">~3<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">آتشگیر، مضر، خورنده<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2007-12-16T05:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar سالیسیلیک اسید http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/66 <table style="WIDTH: 100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="baseline" border="1"><tbody><tr><td><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: auto 6.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-lspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-rspace: 9.0pt; mso-table-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-table-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-table-left: left; mso-table-top: 7.0pt; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: 2.25pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: 2.25pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left" border="1"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سالیسیلیک اسید<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">Salicylic acid<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نام دیگر:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">2-هیدروکسی بنزوئیک اسید</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; TEXT-ALIGN: center; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly" align="center"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">2-Hydroxybenzoic acid<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">شکل مولکول:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/Material/Salicylic%20acid.gif" align="baseline" border="0" /></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">فرمول مولکولی:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">C<sub>7</sub>H<sub>6</sub>O<sub>3<p /></sub></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">جرم مولکولی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر مول</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">138.12<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نقطه ذوب (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">158<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه احتراق</span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span lang="FA" dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span> </span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>(</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">درجه سانتیگراد</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" dir="rtl" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">چگالی (</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="COLOR: red; mso-bidi-language: FA">گرم بر سانتیمتر مکعب</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">):<p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="ltr" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span><font face="Times New Roman">1.443<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">حالت:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">جامد<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">رنگ:<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">سفید<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">pH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span>:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">2.4</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="HEIGHT: 1.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 189pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="252"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">خطرات:</span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 2.25pt solid; WIDTH: 2.25in; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 2.25pt solid; HEIGHT: 1.75pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext 2.25pt" width="216"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt; mso-element: frame; mso-element-frame-hspace: 9.0pt; mso-element-wrap: around; mso-element-anchor-vertical: paragraph; mso-element-anchor-horizontal: margin; mso-element-top: 7.0pt; mso-height-rule: exactly"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; COLOR: blue; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مضر، سوزش آور<p /></font></span></b></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right; tab-stops: right 377.25pt"><span dir="ltr" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table> text/html 2007-12-14T06:42:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar حلالیت http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/65 <p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">حلالیت<p /></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">عوامل موثر در حلالیت<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">معمولا تركیبات قطبی در حلالهای قطبی و تركیبات غیر قطبی در حلالهای غیر قطبی حل میشوند.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">در تركیبات مشابه افزایش نیروی بین مولكولی سبب كاهش حلالیت میگردد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">در تركیبات مشابه افزایش وزن مولكولی سبب كاهش حلالیت میشود.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">در تركیبات مشابه وجود شاخه جانبی باعث افزایش حلالیت میگردد.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">استفاده از حلالیت در شناسایی جسم ناشناخته<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استفاده از حلالیت تا اندازه ای عوامل شیمیایی موجود در جسم آلی را مشخص میكند. مثلا تركیبات اسیدی معمولا در سود و تركیبات قلیایی معمولا در اسید كلریدریك 5% حل میشوند.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استفاده از حلالیت اطلاعاتی در مورد بعضی از خصوصیات تركیب ناشناخته میدهد. از حل شدن یك جسم در آب تا اندازه ای به قطبی بودن آن مطمئن میشویم و یا در حالیكه اسید بنزوئیك در آب حل نمیشود اما در صورتیكه با سود تركیب شود تولید بنزوات سدیم میكند كه براحتی در آب محلول است.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">استفاده از حلالیت اطلاعاتی را در مورد وزن مولكولی جسم ناشناخته میدهد، مثلا در مورد سریهای همانند (همولوگ) كه دارای یك عامل شیمیایی باشند معمولا آنهایی كه تعداد كربن آنها كمتر از 4 باشد در آب حل و آنهایی كه تعداد كربن آنها بیش از 5 اتم كربن باشد معمولا در آب نامحلولند.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">طبقه بندی بر اساس حلالیت<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">آزمون حلالیت برای هر جسم مجهولی باید انجام شود. این آزمون در تشخیص گروههای عاملی اصلی تركیبات مجهول دارای اهمیت است. حلالهای متداول برای آزمایش حلالیت عبارتند از:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">HCl 5%, NaHCO<sub>3</sub> 5%, NaOH 5%, H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>, Water, Organic Solvent </span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">تركیبات با توجه به حلالیتشان به 7 گروه تقسیم میشوند:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">گروه 1) تركیباتی كه هم در آب و هم در اتر محلولند<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">گروه 2) تركیبات محلول در آب و نامحلول در اتر<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">گروه 3) نامحلول در آب ولی محلول در محلول رقیق سدیم هیدروكسید كه به دو دسته زیر تقسیم میشوند:<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"><span style="mso-tab-count: 1">          </span>الف) محلول در سدیم هیدروكسید رقیق و محلول در سدیم بیكربنات 5%<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman"><span style="mso-tab-count: 1">          </span>ب) محلول در سدیم هیدروكسید رقیق و محلول در كلریدریك اسید رقیق<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">گروه 4) نامحلول در آب ولی محلول در هیدروكلریدریك اسید رقیق<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">گروه 5) هیدروكربنهایی كه شامل كربن، هیدروژن و اكسیژن هستند ولی در گروه 1 تا 4 نبوده ولی در سولفوریك اسید غلیظ محلولند<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">گروه 6) تمام تركیباتی كه ازت یا گوگرد ندارند و در سولفوریك اسید غلیظ نامحلولند<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">گروه 7) تركیباتی كه ازت یا گوگرد داشته و در گروه 1 تا 4 نیستند. تعدادی از تركیبات این گروه در سولفوریك اسید غلیظ محلولند.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">دسته بندی تركیبات بر اساس حلالیت را میتوان به صورت زیر نشان داد. هر یك از گروههایی كه با حرف لاتین مشخص شده اند بعنوان گروه حلالیت دسته ای خاص از تركیبات شناخته میشوند.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f" /><lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit" /></shapetype></span></b><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/functional%20group/solubility.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /> </font></p></span></b></p><div align="right"><table class="MsoTableGrid" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 480; mso-table-dir: bidi; mso-border-insideh: .5pt solid windowtext; mso-border-insidev: .5pt solid windowtext" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">S<sub>A</sub><p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">اسیدهای كربوكسیلیك تك عاملی كمتر از 6 كربن و سولفونیك اسیدهای آروماتیك</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">S<sub>B</sub><p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">آمینهای تك عاملی كمتر از 7 كربن</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">S<sub>1</sub><p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">الكلهای تك عاملی، آلدئیدها، كتونها، اترها، نیتریلها و آمیدها ی كمتر از 6 كربن</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">S<sub>2</sub><p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">نمك اسیدهای آلی، آمین هیدروكلراید، آمینو اسیدها، كربوهیدراتها، پلی هیدروكسیها، اسیدهای چند عاملی</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">A<sub>1</sub><p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">اسیدهای آلی قوی، كربوكسیلیك اسیدهای دارای بیش از 6 كربن، فنولها با استخلافهای الكترون گیرنده ارتو و پارا، بتا دی كتونها</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">A<sub>2</sub><p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">اسیدهای آلی ضعیف، فنولها، انولها، ایمینها، ایمیدها، سولفونامیدها، تیوفنولها كمتر از 5 كربن، بتا دی كتونها</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">B<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">آمینهای آلیفاتیك بیش از 7 كربن، آنیلینها (فقط یك گروه فنیل)، بعضی اكسی اترها</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: olive; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">MN<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">تركیبات خنثی متفرقه دارای نیتروژن یا گوگرد كمتر از 5 كربن</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">N<sub>1</sub><p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">الكلهای كمتر از 9 كربن، آلدئیدها، متیل كتونها، كتونهای حلقوی، استرهای تك عاملی بیشتر از 5 كربن، اترهای كمتر از 8 كربن، اپوكسیدها</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">N<sub>2</sub><p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 1pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">آلكنها، آلكینها، اترها، بعضی تركیبات آروماتیك دارای عوامل فعال، كتونهای غیر از گروه بالا</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 1pt solid; WIDTH: 42.7pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="57"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: green; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">I<p /></font></span></b></p></td><td style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0in; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 383.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0in; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" width="511"><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA">هیدروكربنهای اشباع، هالوآلكانها، آریل هالیدها، دی آریل اترها، آروماتیكها با گروههای غیر فعال</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><font face="Times New Roman"> </font></p></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">بخش عملی <p /></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">حلالیت در آب<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">یك دهم گرم جسم جامد كاملا پودر شده و یا 2 قطره نمونه مایع را در لوله آزمایش ریخته و 3 سی سی آب مقطر بر روی آن بریزید و با ضربه انگشت آن را مخلوط كنید. پس از مدتی چنانچه اثری از نمونه مایع یا جامد دیده نشد انحلال صورت گرفته است. هنگامی كه هوای آزمایشگاه سرد است چند لحظه گرم كردن محلول روی شعله ملایم، مفید است.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">حلالیت در اتر<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">مطابق حلالیت در آب، با حلال اتر در یك لوله آزمایش كاملا خشك، آزمون را انجام دهید. مشاهده خط مرزی بین دو مایع معمولا مشكل است بنابر این با تكان دادن، چنانچه محلول كدر شد انحلال صورت نگرفته است. تركیبات غیر یونیزه و آنهاییكه یك گروه عاملی دارند معمولا در اتر حل میشوند.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">حلالیت در سود 5%<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">به افزایش احتمالی درجه حرارت توجه كنید. اگر تركیب نا محلول به نظر میرسد، كمی از قشر مایع رویی را بوسیله قطره چكان برداشته و به یك لوله كوچك انتقال دهید. محلول كلریدریك اسید 5% را قطره قطره به آن اضافه كنید تا محلول اسیدی شود. اگر رسوب تشكیل شد، در گروه سوم قرار میگیرد. هرگز حرارت به كار نبرید چون ممكن است باعث هیدرولیز شود.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">حلالیت در سدیم بیكربنات 5%<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">اگر تركیب مورد نظر در سود 5% محلول بود، حلالیت آنرا در بیكربنات 5% امتحان كنید. مخصوصا به خروج گاز دی اكسید كربن توجه كنید. كربوكسیلیك اسیدها، سولفونیك اسیدها و فنلهای استخلافی در این گروه هستند.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">حلالیت در سدیم كلریدریك اسید 5%<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">بعضی از بازهای آلی مثل نفتیل آمین، كلر هیدرات محلول در آب میدهند ولی در زیادی اسید رسوب میكنند. اگر محلول بود در گروه چهارم است. اگر به نظر غیر محلول است كمی از قسمت فوقانی مایع را با قطره چكان به لوله دیگری انتقال داده و محلول سود 5% اضافه كنید تا قلیایی شود. تشكیل رسوب مجهول را در گروه چهارم قرار میدهد. حرارت بكار نبرید<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">حلالیت در سدیم سولفوریك اسید غلیظ<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">این آزمون را در لوله آزمایش خشك انجام دهید. آیا تغییر رنگی مشاهده میشود؟ به ایجاد ذغال، خروج گاز، پلیمریزه شدن و یا ایجاد رسوب توجه كنید.<p /></font></span></b></p><p class="61" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: #ff6600; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">حلالیت در سدیم فسفریك اسید 85%<p /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: kashida; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; TEXT-KASHIDA: 0%"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">پدیده هایی مثل ایجاد رنگ و یا گرم شدن در این مورد وجود ندارد.<p /></font></span></b></p> text/html 2007-11-01T23:41:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar شناسایی گروههای عاملی http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/64 <p class="MsoNormal" dir="rtl" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; DIRECTION: rtl; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: right"><a name="_Toc132506763"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><font face="Times New Roman">شناسایی گروههای عاملی</font></span></b></a><font face="Times New Roman"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA">&nbsp;</span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></b></font></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">در شناسایی یک جسم مجهول پس از تجزیه و تعیین خواص فیزیکی آن با توجه به نتایج حاصله باید آزمایشات شناسایی گروههای عاملی را روی نمونه انجام داد. مثلا اگر در تجزیه عنصری نمونه وجود </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">O</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> اثبات شده، حال این مسئله پیش می آید که اکسیژن ممکن است به صورت گروه </span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span>–C=O</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> یا </span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span>–OH</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> یا </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">C–O–C</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> و یا غیره باشد. بنابر این یک سری آزمایشات برای تشخیص گروه عاملی نمونه لازم است. نکته ای که معمولا باید به آن توجه کرد این است که چنانچه در انجام آزمایشات برای حل کردن نمونه از یک حلال استفاده نمودید برای اطمینان خاطر برای اینکه حتما بدانید که حلال با معرف وارد واکنش نشده، یک شاهد تهیه کنید. بدین ترتیب که در یک لوله مقداری حلال ریخته و به همان اندازه معرفی اضافه کنید که به محلول شامل حلال و نمونه مورد نظر اضافه نموده اید و دو لوله را با یکدیگر مقایسه کنید.<p /></span></b></p><p class="11" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; TEXT-INDENT: 0.5in; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: windowtext; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">پس از انجام آزمایشهای شناسایی گروه عاملی و مشخص شدن عامل یا عوامل موجود در ترکیب مورد نظر جهت شناسایی دقیق و کامل جسم مورد آزمایش، باید به روشهای تعیین شده، از آن مشتق جامدی تهیه نمود و پس از خالص نمودن آن توسط عمل <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-17.ASPX">تبلور مجدد</a> و خشک نمودن آن، <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-2.ASPX">نقطه ذوب</a> جسم خالص و خشک را تعیین و با توجه به سایر نتایج آزمایشات فیزیکی و شیمیایی که در مورد جسم انجام گرفته و با استفاده از جداول مربوطه در هندبوک، جسم مجهول را شناسایی نمایید.<p /></span></b></p> text/html 2007-11-01T23:41:00+01:00 chemlab.mihanblog.com Minaeifar شناسایی کربن و هیدروژن http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/post/63 <p class="Normal1" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">شناسایی کربن و هیدروژن</span></b></p><p class="Normal1" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">طبیعت ارگانیک مواد به وسیله حرارت دادن آنها بر روی چینی، پلاتین و یا هر فلز بی اثر دیگری ثابت می ماند. ماده آلی با شعله کم و بیش دود کننده سوخته و ذغال میشود و پس مانده سیاه رنگی بر جای میگذارد که نشان دهنده وجود کربن است. </span></b><span lang="AR-SA"><p /></span></p><p class="Normal1" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">      برای آزمایش مستقیم وجود کربن و هیدروژن به روش زیر عمل می کنیم.</span></b><span lang="AR-SA"><p /></span></p><p class="Normal1" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">                حدود 300 میلی گرم از ماده جامد و یا نیم میلی لیتر از ماده مایع را با 1 الی 2 گرم <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-61.ASPX">مونواکسید مس</a> خشک </span></b><span dir="ltr"></span><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="ltr"></span>(CuO)</span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> پودر شده، در یک لوله آزمایش خشک به طور یکنواخت مخلوط کنید و سر لوله آزمایش را با چوب پنبه سوراخداری که لوله رابطی از آن گذشته ببندید. سر دیگر لوله رابط را وارد ظرفی محتوی <a href="http://chemlab.mihanblog.com/Post-62.ASPX">سولفات مس</a> بدون آب که سفید رنگ است نموده و خروجی ظرف را به<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>ظرفی محتوی آب آهک </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">Ca(OH)­<sub>2</sub></span></b><span dir="rtl"></span><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="rtl"></span> اتصال دهید. حال لوله آزمایش محتوی مخلوط ماده آلی و پودر اکسید مس را گرم کنید و کم کم درجه حرارت را بالا ببرید تا محتوی لوله آزمایش سرخ شود. تشکیل قطرات آب در بالای لوله آزمایش و یا آبی رنگ شدن سولفات مس خشک دلیل بر وجود هیدروژن و کدر شدن آب آهک دلیل بر وجود کربن است.</span></b><span lang="AR-SA"><p /></span></p><p class="Normal1" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in"><b><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: red; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">واکنشها</span></b><span lang="AR-SA"><p /></span></p><p class="Normal1" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">CuO + C ,H </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-size: 8.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma; mso-hansi-font-family: Tahoma; mso-char-type: symbol; mso-symbol-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-char-type: symbol; mso-symbol-font-family: Wingdings"><font size="2">à</font></span></span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"> CO<sub>2</sub> + H<sub>2</sub>O + Cu</span></b><span lang="AR-SA"><p /></span></p><p class="Normal1" dir="rtl" style="BORDER-RIGHT: medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" align="center"><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA">Ca(OH)<sub>2</sub> + CO<sub>2</sub> </span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-size: 8.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma; mso-hansi-font-family: Tahoma; mso-char-type: symbol; mso-symbol-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-char-type: symbol; mso-symbol-font-family: Wingdings"><font size="2">à</font></span></span></b><b><span dir="ltr" style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 200%; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: FA"> CaCO<sub>3</sub> + H<sub>2</sub>O</span></b><span lang="AR-SA"><p /></span></p><p dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 8.5pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: Tahoma"> <p /></span></p><p dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span lang="AR-SA" style="FONT-SIZE: 8.5pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><shapetype id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f"><stroke joinstyle="miter" /><formulas><f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0" /><f eqn="sum @0 1 0" /><f eqn="sum 0 0 @1" /><f eqn="prod @2 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @0 0 1" /><f eqn="prod @6 1 2" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth" /><f eqn="sum @8 21600 0" /><f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight" /><f eqn="sum @10 21600 0" /></formulas><path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect" /><lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t" /></shapetype></span><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 8.5pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p /></span></p><p dir="rtl" style="BACKGROUND: white; DIRECTION: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: center" align="center"><span lang="FA" style="FONT-SIZE: 8.5pt; COLOR: black; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; FONT-FAMILY: Tahoma; mso-bidi-language: FA"><p><img hspace="0" src="http://chemlab.persiangig.com/cat10/C%26H.jpg" align="baseline" border="0" /> </p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt"><p><font face="Times New Roman" size="3"> </font></p></p>